Improving Robot Dual-System Motor Learning with Intrinsically Motivated Meta-Control and Latent-Space Experience Imagination

Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Volume 133, pages 103630, doi:10.1016/j.robot.2020.103630 - Apr 2020. Open Access
Associated documents : HWKW20.pdf [2.3Mo]   http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.robot.2020.103630
Combining model-based and model-free learning systems has been shown to improve the sample efficiency of learning to perform complex robotic tasks. However, dual-system approaches fail to consider the reliability of the learned model when it is applied to make multiple-step predictions, resulting in a compounding of prediction errors and performance degradation. In this paper, we present a novel dual-system motor learning approach where a meta-controller arbitrates online between model-based and model-free decisions based on an estimate of the local reliability of the learned model. The reliability estimate is used in computing an intrinsic feedback signal, encouraging actions that lead to data that improves the model. Our approach also integrates arbitration with imagination where a learned latent-space model generates imagined experiences, based on its local reliability, to be used as additional training data. We evaluate our approach against baseline and state-of-the-art methods on learning vision-based robotic grasping in simulation and real world. The results show that our approach outperforms the compared methods and learns near-optimal grasping policies in dense- and sparse-reward environments.

 

@Article\{HWKW20,
  author       = "Hafez, Burhan and Weber, Cornelius and Kerzel, Matthias and Wermter, Stefan",
  title        = "Improving Robot Dual-System Motor Learning with Intrinsically Motivated Meta-Control and Latent-Space Experience Imagination",
  journal      = "Robotics and Autonomous Systems",
  volume       = "133",
  pages        = "103630",
  month        = "Apr",
  year         = "2020",
  publisher    = "Elsevier",
  note         = "Related video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WNQCIE47-og",
  doi          = "10.1016/j.robot.2020.103630",
  url          = "https://www2.informatik.uni-hamburg.de/wtm/publications/2020/HWKW20/HWKW20.pdf"
}

» Burhan Hafez
» Cornelius Weber
» Matthias Kerzel
» Stefan Wermter